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[SOLVED] CRJ 240 MODULE 5 CHECK YOUR UNDERSTANDING

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1.

Élan:

a. [removed]  is a therapeutic community for substance abusers and delinquents.

b. [removed]  costs each offender almost forty thousand dollars per year.

c. [removed]  uses milieu therapy to reduce stresses on its youths.

d. [removed]  both is a therapeutic community for substance abusers and delinquents and costs each offender almost forty thousand dollars per year.

2.

Tertiary prevention is directed at:

a. [removed]  modifying conditions in the physical and social environment at large.

b. [removed]  early identification and intervention in the lives of individuals or groups.

c. [removed]  the prevention of recidivism.

d. [removed]  both modifying conditions in the physical and social environment at large and early identification and intervention in the lives of individuals or groups.

3.

Morrissey v. Brewer and Murray v. Page are most compatible with the ________ model.

a. [removed]  crime control

b. [removed]  rehabilitation

c. [removed]  due process

d. [removed]  restorative justice

4.

Comprehensive approaches to delinquency prevention:

a. [removed]  use one punishment level.

b. [removed]  build on youths’ strengths.

c. [removed]  negatively reinforce youths’ deficiencies.

d. [removed]  focus on rehabilitation and treatment and punishment within the system.

5.

For aftercare programming to be successful it should:

a. [removed]  be directed at the highest risk offenders.

b. [removed]  use cognitive and behavioral treatments.

c. [removed]  reduce contact as much as possible between officials and offenders.

d. [removed]  both be directed at the highest risk offenders and use cognitive and behavioral treatments.

6.

Victim-centered approaches to restorative justice focus on:

a. [removed]  offender healing.

b. [removed]  victim healing.

c. [removed]  offender punishment.

d. [removed]  community safety.

7.

The New York Division of Youth Centers for adolescents is called:

a. [removed]  CARE (Creating Adolescents Read for the Environment).

b. [removed]  GROW (Groups Reorganizing Our World).

c. [removed]  START (Short Term Adolescent Residential Treatment).

d. [removed]  ACT (Adolescent Center Training).

8.

Elements of which of the following correctional models may be found in aftercare today?

a. [removed]  Crime control

b. [removed]  Treatment

c. [removed]  Restorative justice

d. [removed]  All of the choices apply

9.

Which of the following is not a model of the teen courts?

a. [removed]  Tribunal

b. [removed]  Parent judge

c. [removed]  Peer jury

d. [removed]  Youth judge

10.

On the basis of information gathered from aftercare programs across the country, evidence points to the need for more emphasis on the ___________ models.

a. [removed]  due process and crime control

b. [removed]  treatment and restorative justice

c. [removed]  crime control and treatment

d. [removed]  treatment and due process

11.

Group homes embody which of the following characteristics?

a. [removed]  Many use guided group interaction as a treatment modality

b. [removed]  They are a form of institutionalization accepted by the majority of the U.S. population

c. [removed]  They are long-term resistances for disturbed youths

d. [removed]  Both many use guided group interaction as a treatment modality and they are a form of institutionalization accepted by the majority of the U.S. population

12.

Police diversion programs:

a. [removed]  retain control over youthful offenders.

b. [removed]  give control of youthful offenders to probation officers.

c. [removed]  give control of youthful offenders to the community.

d. [removed]  give control of youthful offenders to the family.

13.

The reintegration philosophy assumes that the:

a. [removed]  offender and the receiving community must remain stable.

b. [removed]  offender must be removed from the receiving community.

c. [removed]  receiving community should be hardened to protect it from the offender.

d. [removed]  offender and the receiving community must be changed.

14.

Which of the following therapies provides correctional officials with the optimal time for releasing offenders?

a. [removed]  Psychoanalytic

b. [removed]  Reinforcement

c. [removed]  Role playing

d. [removed]  None of the choices apply

15.

Treating juveniles in institutions to reduce recidivism is an example of ______ prevention.

a. [removed]  primary

b. [removed]  secondary

c. [removed]  tertiary

d. [removed]  quaternary

16.

The D.A.R.E. drug prevention program is an example of what level prevention?

a. [removed]  Tertiary prevention program

b. [removed]  Primary prevention

c. [removed]  Quadri-prevention

d. [removed]  Secondary prevention

17.

The first state to deinstitutionalize its training schools was:

a. [removed]  Illinois.

b. [removed]  Texas.

c. [removed]  New York.

d. [removed]  Massachusetts.

18.

Which of the following therapies would be least likely to be found in aftercare release programs?

a. [removed]  Cognition-behavioral

b. [removed]  Psychoanalytic

c. [removed]  Role playing

d. [removed]  Skills development

19.

Teen courts are used primarily for:

a. [removed]  offenders with only status offenses on their records.

b. [removed]  first time offenders.

c. [removed]  first time felony offenders.

d. [removed]  none of the choices apply.

20.

Studies show programs created to keep juveniles out of training schools are for the most part:

a. [removed]  nationally-based programs.

b. [removed]  state-based programs.

c. [removed]  community-based programs.

d. [removed]  federally-based programs.

 

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