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FIN 540 – Homework Chapter 22

 

 Strayer University.

 

FIN 540 Homework Chapter 22

 

 Directions: Answer the following five questions on a separate document. Explain how you reached the

 

answer or show your work if a mathematical calculation is needed, or both. Submit your assignment using

 

the assignment link in the course shell. Each question is worth five points apiece for a total of 25 points

 

for this homework assignment.

 

1. Which of the following statements is most CORRECT?

 

a. The smaller the synergistic benefits of a particular merger, the greater the scope for

 

striking a bargain in negotiations, and the higher the probability that the merger will be

 

completed.

 

b. Since mergers are frequently financed by debt rather than equity, a lower cost of debt or

 

a greater debt capacity are rarely relevant considerations when considering a merger.

 

c. Managers who purchase other firms often assert that the new combined firm will enjoy

 

benefits from diversification, including more stable earnings. However, since

 

shareholders are free to diversify their own holdings, and at what’s probably a lower cost,

 

diversification benefits is generally not a valid motive for a publicly held firm.

 

d. Operating economies are never a motive for mergers.

 

e. Tax considerations often play a part in mergers. If one firm has excess cash, purchasing

 

another firm exposes the purchasing firm to additional taxes. Thus, firms with excess

 

cash rarely undertake mergers.

 

2. Which of the following statements is most CORRECT?

 

a. Financial theory says that the choice of how to pay for a merger is really irrelevant

 

because, although it may affect the firm’s capital structure, it will not affect its overall

 

required rate of return.

 

b. The basic rationale for any financial merger is synergy and, thus, the estimation of pro

 

forma cash flows is the single most important part of the analysis.

 

c. In most mergers, the benefits of synergy and the premium the acquirer pays over the

 

market price are summed and then divided equally between the shareholders of the

 

acquiring and target firms.

 

d. The primary rationale for most operating mergers is synergy.

 

e. The acquiring firm’s required rate of return in most horizontal mergers will not be affected,

 

because the 2 firms will have similar betas.

 

3. Which of the following statements about valuing a firm using the APV approach is most

 

CORRECT?

 

a. The horizon value is calculated by discounting the free cash flows beyond the horizon

 

date and any tax savings at the cost of debt.

 

b. The horizon value is calculated by discounting the expected earnings at the WACC.

 

c. The horizon value is calculated by discounting the free cash flows beyond the horizon

 

date and any tax savings at the WACC.

 

d. The horizon value must always be more than 20 years in the future.

 

e. The horizon value is calculated by discounting the free cash flows beyond the horizon

 

date and any tax savings at the levered cost of equity.

 

FIN 540 – Homework Chapter 22

 

© 2013 Strayer University. All Rights Reserved. This document contains Strayer University Confidential and Proprietary information

 

and may not be copied, further distributed, or otherwise disclosed in whole or in part, without the expressed written permission of

 

Strayer University.

 

FIN 540 Homework Chapter 22

 

Page 2 of 2

 

4. Which of the following statements about valuing a firm using the APV approach is most

 

CORRECT?

 

a. The value of equity is calculated by discounting the horizon value, the tax shields, and

 

the free cash flows at the cost of equity.

 

b. The value of operations is calculated by discounting the horizon value, the tax shields,

 

and the free cash flows before the horizon date at the unlevered cost of equity.

 

c. The value of equity is calculated by discounting the horizon value and the free cash flows

 

at the cost of equity.

 

d. The APV approach stands for the accounting pre-valuation approach.

 

e. The value of operations is calculated by discounting the horizon value, the tax shields,

 

and the free cash flows at the cost of equity.

 

5. Which of the following statements is most CORRECT?

 

a. A defensive merger is one where the firm’s managers decide to merge with another firm

 

to avoid or lessen the possibility of being acquired through a hostile takeover.

 

b. Acquiring firms send a signal that their stock is undervalued if they choose to use stock to

 

pay for the acquisition.

 

c. Cash payments are used in takeovers but never in mergers.

 

d. Managers often are fired in takeovers, but never in mergers.

 

e. If a company that produces military equipment merges with a company that manages a

 

chain of motels, this is an example of a horizontal merger.

 

 

 

Strayer University.

 

FIN 540 Homework Chapter 23

 

 Directions: Answer the following five questions on a separate document. Explain how you reached the

 

answer or show your work if a mathematical calculation is needed, or both. Submit your assignment using

 

the assignment link in the course shell. Each question is worth five points apiece for a total of 25 points

 

for this homework assignment.

 

1. Which of the following are NOT ways risk management can be used to increase the value of a

 

firm?

 

a. Risk management can help a firm maintain its optimal capital budget.

 

b. Risk management can reduce the expected costs of financial distress.

 

c. Risk management can help firms minimize taxes.

 

d. Risk management can allow managers to defer receipt of their bonuses and thus

 

postpone tax payments.

 

e. Risk management can increase debt capacity.

 

2. Which of the following statements about interest rate and reinvestment rate risk is CORRECT?

 

a. Interest rate price risk exists because fixed-rate debt securities lose value when interest

 

rates rise, while reinvestment rate risk is the risk of earning less than expected when

 

interest payments or debt principal are reinvested.

 

b. Interest rate price risk can be eliminated by holding zero coupon bonds.

 

c. Reinvestment rate risk can be eliminated by holding variable (or floating) rate bonds.

 

d. Interest rate risk can never be reduced.

 

e. Variable (or floating) rate securities have more interest rate (price) risk than fixed rate

 

securities.

 

3. A swap is a method used to reduce financial risk. Which of the following statements about swaps,

 

if any, is NOT CORRECT?

 

a. The earliest swaps were currency swaps, in which companies traded debt denominated

 

in different currencies, say dollars and pounds.

 

b. Swaps are very often arranged by a financial intermediary, who may or may not take the

 

position of one of the counterparties.

 

c. A problem with swaps is that no standardized contracts exist, which has prevented the

 

development of a secondary market.

 

d. A company can swap fixed interest payments for floating interest payments.

 

e. A swap involves the exchange of cash payment obligations.

 

4. Which of the following statements is most CORRECT?

 

a. Futures contracts generally trade on an organized exchange and are marked to market

 

daily.

 

b. Goods are never delivered under forward contracts, but are almost always delivered

 

under futures contracts.

 

c. There are futures contracts for currencies but no forward contracts for currencies.

 

d. Futures contracts don’t have any margin requirements but forward contracts do.

 

e. One advantage of forward contracts is that they are default free.

 

FIN 540 – Homework Chapter 23

 

© 2013 Strayer University. All Rights Reserved. This document contains Strayer University Confidential and Proprietary information

 

and may not be copied, further distributed, or otherwise disclosed in whole or in part, without the expressed written permission of

 

5. A commercial bank recognizes that its net income suffers whenever interest rates increase.

 

Which of the following strategies would protect the bank against rising interest rates?

 

a. Entering into an interest rate swap where the bank receives a fixed payment stream, and

 

in return agrees to make payments that float with market interest rates.

 

b. Purchase principal only (PO) strips that decline in value whenever interest rates rise.

 

c. Enter into a short hedge where the bank agrees to sell interest rate futures.

 

d. Sell some of the bank’s floating-rate loans and use the proceeds to make fixed-rate

 

loans.

 

e. Buying inverse floaters.

 

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